|Samba Whistle||A colourful plastic whistle on a cord. It has three different tones. Played by the leader to signal when he is going to change the rhythm or instrument(s) playing. Also used to count-in a groove or fill, or to give different instructions to the different sections in the band.|
Twin hand held bells struck with a stick.
These come in black or chrome finish.
The chrome version is louder and has a deeper tone.
Usually plays a syncopated rhythmn.|
|Tamborim|| 6" single sided drum, struck with a special stick.
There are several types, with different depths and the shells are made in either metal, nylon, or wood. The head can be dampened with a finger underneath.This gives it three sounds, not dampened; dampened; and by hitting the rim. Often plays the off beats.|
|Repinique||Very loud drum, played with sticks or nylon wands. This drum is usually played by the band leader.
Can be played with one stick and one hand.|
A Brazilian snare drum, with two or three pairs of guitar strings for snares and played with the snares on top. Played with two standard drum sticks. Used to provide a driving force to the groove.|
Similar to a conga drum. Played with two hands.
These come in several sizes to suit all age groups,
A quieter drum with a smooth, tribal type, throb which really comes through during their solo and duet parts.|
|High Surdo No.3||
16" head diameter. The smallest, and highest pitched surdo drum, played with two beaters.
More complex to play than the other surdo drums, but a lot lighter to carry!|
|Medium Surdo No.2||20" head diameter. The middle sized and pitched drum, played with two beaters. Supplies the bass line melody of the groove, in harmony with the High Surdos.|
|Low Surdo No.1||
Between 22" and 26" head diameter. The largest and lowest pitched surdo,
This large drum supplies the heartbeat of the groove. Mostly played with one beater and one hand to dampen the drum when required. Sometimes two beaters are used.
Pictured is a 26" surdo. |
|Chocalho||A rectangular frame holding rows of steel rods, with mini cymbals mounted on them. Held by the handles on each end.|
|Rocar||A length of wood with rods poking out along it's length and mini cymbals mounted on these. The easiest to play as it is light and can be played with one hand.|
|Shekere||A hollow gourd shaker with beads. Used in maracatu rhythms|
|Cowbell||Played with a stick, two or three tones can be played on one bell. Often plays simple on or off the beat, but can play complex rhythms.|
|Cuica||A Brazilian friction drum with a large pitch range, produced by changing tension on the head of the drum. Cuíca is Portuguese for a type of small opossum which is known to make a high-pitched sound. The tone it produces has a high-pitched squeaky timbre. It has been called a 'laughing gourd' due to this sound. |