|A colourful plastic whistle on a cord. It has three different tones. Played by the leader to signal when he is going to change the rhythm or instrument(s) playing. Also used to count-in a groove or fill, or to give different instructions to the different sections in the band.
Twin hand-held bells struck with a stick.
|Hand-held 6" single sided drum, struck with a special flexy stick.
|Very loud high-pitched drum, played with sticks or nylon wands. 12" head diameter. This drum usually plays the calls for the grooves.
Can be played with one stick and one hand.
A Brazilian snare drum, 12" head diameter, with two or three pairs of guitar strings for snares and played with the snares on top.
|Low Surdo No.1
|20" or 22" head diameter. The largest and lowest pitched surdo bass drum.
|Medium Surdo No.2
|18" head diameter. The middle sized and middle pitched bass drum.
|High Surdo No.3
16" head diameter. The smallest, and highest pitched surdo drum.
More complex to play than the other surdo drums.
|Loud shaker. A rectangular frame holding rows of mini cymbals.
|A hollow gourd shaker with beads. Used in maracatu rhythms
|Hand-held, played with a stick.
|Giant loud cowbell, Played with a stick, mostly for Maracatu grooves.